Dimmers or Dimmer Switches install generally in most houses are required by the needs to create the interior ambient for pleasant living by adjusting the level of lamination of each and every rooms or corners. Most dimmers are not aiming to reduce power consumption, conserve energy and designed to install with tungsten incandescent lamp types only.
Household electrical is AC with sign wave at 50 Hz, 220 Volt. The principle of dimmer’s function is to reduce the sign wave distorting away from original supply by using semiconductor electronic devise such as SCR, Triac or Diac.
In simple words, the turning types of dimmers deploy the circuit resistance method to increase or decrease the voltage the same way as radio tuning knob.
Dimmer Triac+Diac Operating Circuit
Explanation: from the figure, the loaded sine wave is distorted from input and caused the reduction of the loaded illumination.
Figure shows the AC electrical control circuit to dim the lamp by adjusting the degree of triggering signal
% Energy Save
Types of Lamp
Incandescent Types only
PSJ Technology (N.C.W.I. – Non Critical Wave Intersection)
Up to 1% for incandescent lamps
Up to 60% for High Pressure Sodium
Up to 50% for Metal Halide or Mercury Lamps
All types of gas pressured lamps up to HID 2000W types